Music Listening Examples
boxed examples & bold items
GAGAKU (title: Etenraku). Music of the Imperial
courts. Note transparent, non-blending
timbres and slow tempo. Maximum
effect from minimum means. Large
rhythmic cycles. Jo-ha-kyu.
SHAKUHACHI MUSIC (title: Daha). Music for the shakuhachi (bamboo flute), associated with Zen meditation. Note free rhythm.
Music from KABUKI (sub-genre:
Naga-uta, one of several types of music used in Kabuki Theater, the theatrical
genre full of extravagant effects that catered to the middle
class). Note non-blending timbres
and loose rhythmic co-ordination
music for KOTO (Title:
Godan-Kinuta). This duet features the koto, a 13-string zither. Chamber music
associated with the cultivated middle class.
FOLK MUSIC ASSOCIATED WITH SHINTO (bon dance “Awa-Odori”). Note loose rhythmic co-ordination
Music from NOH (play title “Hagoromo” (The Robe of Feathers)). MAXIMUM effect from MINIMUM means.
FOLK MUSIC (genre: Matsuri-bayashi) Notice the not-quite-regular drum patterns
in a duple context.
KOUTA (title: Hakusen No) Music
associated with Geisha culture.
ENKA (title: Naite Nagasaki) gave birth to karoke. What musical traits are imported?